3学习this that these those等指示代词的用法
1.she he it they等人称代词。his her their等物主代词。
三 .学前unit3 This is my sister 导学案(新目标版英语七年级)准备：
（1）我的姐姐___ ___ （2）他的兄弟_____ __ （3）她的母亲___ ___ _
（4）你的父亲________ （5）父或母亲 _ ___ ___ （6）他的表兄弟_____ __
（7）Tom的女儿_______ （8）Smith的儿子________ （9）这些朋友______ _
（10）她_____ （11）他________ （12）他的 _
（13）她的 （14）他们的老师_______ （15）那些字典_____ ___
(3). 那是你的姐姐吗？是的，她是. ( 4).那不是我的兄弟。
(1) This is his sister. (2) These are his sisters. 。
(3) That is his brother. . (4) Those are his brothers.
通过观察我发现：（1）（3）句子是 数 ， （2）（4）的句子是 数
this 的复数形式是 that的复数形式是
sister 的复数形式是 brother的复数形式是
总结：this is …….的复数形式是
That is …….的复数形式是
拓展：This is his backpack. 改成复数
Those are her dictionries. 改成单数
Those are her dictionries. 改成一般疑问句并作肯定回答
2. father + mother=
3.英语中名词分为 名词和 名词。可数名词顾名思义是指可以计数的名词。它有复数形式，而不可数名词一般没有复数形式。可数名词的单数变复数形式规律参考书本P95页。
Book key quilt pen case backpack
Photo tomato hero
Bus boss watch box fish
Family party dictionary strawberry
1. This is my book. _________________________________________.
2. -Is that his uncle? - Yes, it is.
3. Is she your friend? ________________________________________?
4. This is my pencil case. ______________________________________.
1.This is my grandmother.(改否定句)
This _______ ________ my grandmother.
2. These are her brothers.(改为一般疑问句并做肯定回答)
________ __________ her brothers? Yes, ________ _________.
3. Those are my books .(对划线部分提问) _________ are ___________?
4. Is he your friend?(肯定回答)
5. Dave and Anna are my friends.(改一般疑问句)
_______ Dave and Anna ________ friends.
1.熟练掌握人称代词I ，he， she， we， you， they与be动词的搭配。
1.人称代词I he she we you they与be动词的搭配
2.句型is he /she/your……辨认人时除了用指示代词this that these those外，还可以人称代词he/she, he/she/they都是人称代词的主格形式，在句子中做主语，当对人称代词回答询问时也用人称代词回答，如：is he your aunt? Yes, he is.
疑问句中 this that these those 做主语，其答语根据所指的名词来回答，指人时单数用he /she ,复数用they 如：are those your books? No, they aren’t
1,----Is that your cousin ?
A. she is B. she isn’t C. it is D. it isn’t
3, My_____________ is a teacher.
A. parents B. grandparents C. parent D. father’s
4, -----Is Helen a teacher?
A. she’s B.he is C. he’s D. she is
5, . --- Are these Jeff and Jack? --- ___________.
A. Yes, they aren’t B. No, these aren’t
C. No, they aren’t D. Yes, these are
6, __________ are in the same class.
A. I,she and you B. You,she and I C. I, you and she D. You,I and she
1.Are___________(this) your parents?
2.Those _________(be)my friends.
3.They are his _________(cousin).We are going to the park with______(they).
4.________(those) is a pencil._______(it) price（价格）is one yuan.
5.________(her)is my sister._______(she) name is Gina.
6.Dick is______(he) brother. All of ______(we) like_______(he)
7.These are _______(they) ________(child)
8.______(she)are my grandparents. My father is _______(they) son.
第三课时（sectiom B 1-2c）
我的书包 你的字典 她的阿姨 他的父母
my your his its our your their
he she it I you
they we you they
Daughter/ sister/ daughter/
They are his teachers.（改为单数句）
Are these english dictionaries?（作肯定回答）
They are my grandparents.(同义句)
These are my parent.
A B C
They books are here.
A B C
Please call he at 686-79225
A B C
He’s family name is Smith.
A B C
Are those your jackets?
No, it isn’t
(1).Thanks for: Thanks是感谢用语。thanks for=for
Thanks是名词，常用复数形式.后通常加介词for表示感谢的原因。如:Thanks for your help. 谢谢你的帮助。
(2).the phote of 中的of用来表示名词(通常是无生命的事物)的所有格，而有生命的事物，其所有格用’s形式。如：the legs of the table桌腿 Tom’s cap汤姆的帽子
(3)photo是“照片”的意思，它的复数是 。picture也可以用来表示“照片”。 这是玛丽的照片。
4. family, home和house的区别
①This is my tree. 这是我的家谱。
②My are here. 我们全家人都来了。
③My is in Beijing. 我家在北京。
④She isn’t at 她不在家。
⑤I have a new . 我有了新房子。
What (be) those?
Are (this) your books?
They are Mingming’s (parent)
This is (Linda) mother.
His (father) last name is Zhang.
3.This is my friend Jack Brown and his family. He has a big family. This is his grandfather. His name is Jeff Brown. This is his grandmother. Her mother is Sue . they are Earl and Jenny. Earl is Jack’s father. Jenny is his aunt. This is Jack’s mother. Her name is Anna. These are his sister, Chrestie and Carina.
ＭＹ ＴＥＡＣＨＩＮＧ ＰＬＡＮ
Teacher： SEE Class 1002 李惠贤
Target Students: Junior one (the second semester)
Course： Unit 1: Our Bodies Lesson 1: Parts of our bodies
The second class: let’s learn about our legs (last class we have learnt some expressions about eyes and hands, today we will learn more about our legs.)
Class time: 2011/11/10 the second class
Duration： 8 min
Teaching Content Abstract:
There are many American expressions that use parts of the body, including the eyes, ears, nose, mouth and even the heart. Today, in my teaching, I will teach my students some expressions that use our legs. And, we will focus on the four:
Have a leg up have advantages, being ahead of others in the situation
Being on your last legs cannot continue, being very tired
Cost an arm and a leg cost a great deal of money
Pull sb’s leg play a friendly joke on sb
Title Let’s learn more about our Legs
Teaching Philosophy 1. Interest Is the Best Teacher---Using the interesting material(Carfield加菲猫, movie stars(章子怡and范冰冰, interesting pictures) to teach an interesting topic (leg expressions)
2.Learning By Practicing---doing some excises immediately
3. Learning Is To Meet Practical Needs--- Studying the four American expressions and use them in daily life
(KSA model) 1. Knowledge: 1).to learn four American expressions about legs
2).to realize the differences of the expressions about legs between Chinese and American
2. Skill: 1).to use American expressions about legs in our daily life
2). to retell a simple story
3).to form a habit of accumulating the idiomatic expressions
3. Attitude: 1).to appreciate the idiomatic expressions
2).to realize the different mode of thinking between Chinese and American via the differences of the expressions about legs between Chinese and American
1. PPT （pictures, stories, excises）
2. 板书（boaster 吹水）
Teaching contents Focuses:
1. learn and remember the four American expressions about legs
2. listen and understand the story clearly
3. finish the excises
3. to get good mastery of the four American expressions about legs and use them correctly in daily life
4. to understand and retell the story completely
Teaching Process Procedures Time allocations Aims.
1. Leading in:
1.1 A riddle (who was born at the same time on the same day with you, and share the same blood type with you, but was not you twins brother or sister)
1.2 Name your parts of body (eyes, mouth, nose……)
1.3 Today, we will learn something more about our legs with a lovely cat Carfield 1 min 1).Catch student’s attention
2). Arise student’s interest by giving examples of the cat Carfield
2.1 Teach the four American expressions (use Carfield as a guider)
Have a leg up:
If you are always studying hard, you have a leg up on the final exam.
Being on your last legs
If you keep studying for a whole night, you must feel that you are on your last legs. It means that you will close your book and head for your bed.
Cost an arm and a leg
Her clothes must cost an arm and a leg because you can fine some pieces of gold on it.
Pull sb’s leg
If you do well on your exam, but you just cry to your roommates, telling them that you will fail the exam, you are trying to pull their legs.
After the excise 3.1---class continues
2.2 Tell the story by PPT
The story is about 范冰冰 and 章子怡.
范冰冰 and章子怡are competing for the role as a major actress. One day, both of them are invited to a show. After standing on the stage for long, both 范冰冰 and章子怡are on their last legs. Noticing that范冰冰 has worn a beautiful dress which makes her charming and help she have a leg up on being the actress, 章子怡feels jealous. She desperately wants one too, so she says to范冰冰: “Your dress makes you look attractive and it must cost an arm and a leg.” And 范冰冰replies: “ Thank you. But it is very cheap.” In response to 范冰冰, 章子怡 laughs and says, “Impossible! Dear, you are trying to pull my leg.” 范冰冰 laughs too.
3 min 1). Use examples closed to students’ life to help them understand more quickly and better
2). Use famous movie stars to attract student’s attention and arouse their learning desire
3.1 Match words and meaning excises
Have a leg up 开友好的玩笑
Being on your last legs 很昂贵
Cost an arm and a leg 有优势，领先
Pull sb’s leg 不能继续下去，很累
3.2 Recall the story and fill in the blanks
范冰冰 and章子怡are competing for the role as a major actress. One day, both of them are invited to a show. After standing on the stage for long, both 范冰冰 and章子怡are -------------. Noticing that范冰冰 has worn a beautiful dress which makes her charming and help she have----------------being the actress, 章子怡feels jealous. She desperately wants one too, so she says to范冰冰: “Your dress makes you look attractive and it must cost---------.” And 范冰冰replies: “ Thank you. But it is very cheap.” In response to 范冰冰, 章子怡 laughs and says, “Impossible! Dear, you are trying to -----------------.” 范冰冰 laughs too.
3.3 Retell the story to your parner 3 min 1). Test whether students have learnt the expressions or not
2). Learn how to use them by retelling the story
4.1 Remember the four expressions:
Have a leg up on sth
Be on one’s last legs
Cost an arm and a leg
Pull one’s leg
4.2 Understand its meaning clearly and learn how to use them correctly
Have a leg up on sth: when you are
ahead of others
Be on one’s last legs: when you are too tired to continue
Cost an arm and a leg: cost a lot of money
Pull one’s leg: play a friendly joke
4.3 Difference between Chinese and American
千里之行，始于足下 一步一个脚印 一脚踏两船 临急抱佛脚
0.5 min 1). Help them remember what is taught today
5. Homework and Plans for next period
Create your own story using the four expression we have learnt today
Find more American expressions using parts of our body
(finish before next class tomorrow afternoon)
5.2 Plans for next period：
Sharing your story and the expressions you’ve found 0.5 min
1). Help them remember what is taught today
2). Prepare for the next class
Pre-teaching Preparation 1. accumulating information
2. designing the excises
3. creating the story
4. making PPT
5. practice teaching
Unit 4 Wildlife Protection
● Teaching Aims: (教学目标)
Knowledge aims: （知识目标）
a. help Ss to understand and master the words and expressions
b. Let the students know some basic information about the endangered animals and wildlife situation and protection.
Ability aims: （能力目标 ）
a. Encourage Ss to think and express their attitude towards the wildlife and the wildlife protection.
b. Enhance Ss’ reading ability and develop Ss’ ability and skills of guessing words and reading comprehension.
Emotional aims: （情感目标 ）
a. Help Ss understand the importance of the wildlife protection and make them be more active in the helping wildlife.
b. Develop Ss’ sense of cooperative learning.
● Teaching Key Points: （教学重点）
a. To train the reading comprehension to the whole passage
b. To improve Ss’ ability of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
● Teaching Difficult Points: （教学难点）
a. Enhance the students reading skills in the passage.
● Teaching Materials: （教学材料）
blackboard, books, and other normal teaching tools.
● Teaching methods：（教学方法）
Activity-based teaching (individual work; group work; class work)
Students-centered approach & Task-based teaching and learning
● Teaching Procedures: （教学过程）
Step 1: Review the new words and expressions.(2m)
Step2 Lead-in (3m)
Task: Group Work
Show some familiar pictures to draw the students’ attentions to the wildlife(fox, elephant, kangaroo, tiger, panda, bear, whales, golden monkey, Asian elephant, famingo and so on), and bring the question: Do you think what wildlife are? Encourage Ss to discuss with each other and then solve the question together.
Step3: Warming up & pre-reading (6m)
Show the pictures again and ask Ss to guess which animals are in danger. If the student answer is right, give the beautiful pictures as reward. And then make the Ss have a talking: Why are they endangered?
(1) People killed the endangered animals simply to satisfy their desire to eat.
(2) People kill animals for their fur, which can be made into beautiful and expensive fur coat.
(3) People didn’t protect the nature. They destroyed it willfully.
(1) Who is the most dangerous enemy of animals?
suggested answer: Human beings.
(2) What relationship between people and wildlife should be?
suggested answer Wildlife is human friends. They can keep the balance of nature and make the whole world colorful. To protect wildlife is to protect ourselves
Step 4: Listening Task (6m)
Play the tape of the reading passage, and ask Ss to finish the following questions, and tick all the mentioned words out while listening:
1. What places did Daisy go?
A. Tibet China B. rain forest
C. WWF D. Zimbabwe
2. How many animals did she meet? What are they?
A. antelope B. elephant
C. monkey D. mosquitoes
3. What helps Daisy meet the wildlife?
A. By a flying chair
B. By a flying broom(扫把)
C. By a flying carpet
Suggested answers: 1. ABD 2. ABC 3. C
Step 5 reading (26m)
Task1 Fast reading :
Read the passage quickly and try to fill in the table below about Daisy’s journey
Animal she met Places she went
Suggested answers：antelope，Tibet ； elephant，Zimbabwe ；monkey，Rainforest 。
Task 2 Careful Reading
Task 1: Read the passage and draw lines under phrases or sentences which you don’t understand.
Task 2: Finish the true( T ) or false ( F ) questions, and try to correct the false.
1. Daisy saw many antelopes in Tibet.
2. Daisy’s sweater was made of sheep wool.
3. The elephant used to be well protected in Zimbabwe.
4. The farmers in Zimbabwe get much money from the elephants and rhinos now.
5. This is a real story in Daisy’s life.
6. There are no animals or no drugs in rain forests.
Suggested answers: F F F T F F
Task 3 Find out the main idea
Read the passage again and try to find out the main idea of each part.
Part 1(Para 1): Daisy flew in a wonderful chair to ____ and found that ________ were in danger. They were _____ for the fur to make sweater.(Tibet, antelopes, killed)
Part 2 :(Para 2-3) Daisy flew to _________ and found that the wild animals were well ________ by paying farmers to visit animals. (Zimbabwe, protected)
Part 3: (Para 4-5) Daisy flew to the rain forest. Talking with a _______, she got to know that rain forests should be protected, for they are the source of many _________ and drugs.( monkey, medicines)
Task 4 analysis each part
1. How did the antelope feel?
The antelope felt sad.
2. Why are people hunting and killing the Tibetan antelopes?
In order to get the wool which is used to make sweaters.
3. What will happen to Tibetan antelopes in three years?
They may all be gone.
1.How did the elephant feel?
The elephant felt excited.
2. How did life improve for the elephants?
Farmers like them and no longer hunt them
3. How did life improve for the farmers?
The tour companies had to pay for visiting and hunting. Farmers made a lot of money from it.
Why does looking after the rain forest help with wildlife protection?
Because no rain forest, no animals and no drugs.
Task5 : Retelling
One day, Daisy _________a strange dream. She flew in a wonderful _______to ______with an __________in Tibet. The antelope told her they were hunted because of their ____which can be used to make ________like hers. In three years they may all be______. Later, she ______to Zimbabwe where she talked with an ______ and got to know the farmers there no longer ______them. That’s because the ______
decided to help and the farmers finally made a lot of_______. At last she ______at the thick rain _______where a monkey told her “ No rain forest, no _______and no______.” Although finally everything was_____, she had _______so much.(suggested answers: dreamed, chair, talk, antelope, fur, sweaters, gone, flew, elephant, hunted, government, money, arrived, forest, drugs, gone, learned)
Step6: Homework Assignment (2m)
In this class, we have learned the great urgency of the wildlife protection. As a student, what should we do to protect the wild animals? List your own opinions and organize your words to write a short passage about your solutions.
Step7： Reflection after Class:
西安市第三中学 Dragon Thunder updated 2011-9-19
Ⅰ. Definition: a sentence, which has the function of an adjective, is used to modifying a noun or a sentence, is called an Attributive Clauses.
(一句话具备形容的作用，用于修饰限定前面的名词或句子叫 定语从句，又叫形容词性从句 ）。
Ⅱ. Introducing Words: ( Relative Words 关系词 )
1.RelativePronounswho,whom,that , which , as, than, but
2.Relative Adjectives: whose ｛of whom / of which｝
3.Relative Adverbs: when, where, why, that .
5.that ,which 常指物，在从句中做主语，宾语。但that决不可做介词
6.When 做时间状语;where 做地点状语;why 做原因状语。
7. 关系词在定语从句中做宾语 whom, that ,which 可省略掉。
8. 遇到the same*** as ; such*** as ; as*** as. 遇到比较级用 than
Ⅳ. Examples (例句）：
1. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends
2. The lesson that we learn from Chuck and all the others who have
unusual friends is that friends are teachers.
3. However, the number of people who learn English as a foreign
language is more than 750 million.
4. Dolphins are not only beautiful and friendly ,but they also seem to bring joy to anyone who comes near them.
5. You may know that a pen friend, or a pen pal ,is someone whom you write
6. The family whom I am staying with lives in the town.
7. He is a man whom you can safely depend on.
8. The boy whom we saw yesterday was John’s brother.
9. The girl whose left leg was broken in the earthquake was taken to the hospital.
10. There are twenty students in our class whose homes are in the countryside.
11. The house whose doors and windows face the south is Professor Zhang’s.
12. Flora, whose beautiful hair and dress were all cold and wet ,started crying.
13. Imagine that four people are in an airplane that is going to crash
14. Is there anything that isn’t clear to you.
15. Do you know any other words that were borrowed from other languages.
16. A raft is a small boat that you can use to paddle down rivers and streams.
17. The basic equipment that you need for hiking is simple: good shoes and clothes.
18. Eco-travel is a form of travel that combines normal tourism with learning.
19. Before she could move, she heard a loud noise, which grew into a terrible roar.
20. Now, the water, which was cold as ice and flowed faster than ever ,was above her knees.
21. In 1959 Spielberg won a prize for a shot film which he made when he was 15.
22. Jurassic Park, which Spielberg made in 1993, is about a park where a very rich man keeps different kinds of dinosaurs.
23. After graduation, she went to New York, where she started working as an actress and won the Theatre World Award for her role in a play.
24. Yesterday we visited the factory where my father used to work ten years ago.
25. The first of September is the day when the school year starts
26. This was the moment when Spielberg’s career really took off.
27. I have no spare time in the office until 6.pm, when the others have gone home.
28. Gone are the days when teachers were looked down upon.
Ⅴ.Difficult Points and Typical Examples: （难点及典型例句）
①. I will never forget days that we spent together on the state-owned farm.
Do you still remember the days and years when worked and studied in Xi’an Normal University.
②. That is just the factory that we want to visit very much.
The school where I used to work five years ago is now a key school.
③ . The reason that he gave us yesterday was unaccepted.
The reason why he was against our plans was not clear.
①.Tree after tree went down , was cut down by water, which must have been three meters deep.
②. He told me that I could go on a two- day trip to Leshan and Emei, which was not too expensive.
③. Jurassic Park, which Spielberg made in 1993, is about a park where a very rich man keeps different kinds of dinosaurs
④. Betty, who has never been abroad ,is studying English very well.
⑤. He was born in October the first 1949, when the People’s Republic of China was founded.
⑥. Last summer I showed our foreign teacher around the city of Beijing, where there are so many places of interest that he was greatly touched.
①. Many people who saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea when they
②. Is this the restaurant in which you work?
③. Are the days in which you study in this school happy ?
④. No one can forget the day of May the Fourth 1919, on which the May Fourth Movement took place.
⑤. The reason for which Peter is so happy is that he passed the exams.
⑥. The two things about which Karl Marx was not sure were the grammar and some of the idioms.
⑦. The girl with whom you talked at the meeting is a college student.
⑧. The book of which I heard was written by Lusun forty years ago.
⑨. Water is a matter without which the living things can not live.
⑩. There are 47 students in our class, all of whom study very hard in maths.
⑾. They live in a house ,the door of which opens to the south
⑿. China has thousands of islands , the largest of which is Taiwan.
⒀. The workers, some of whom have already stayed in our company for four years come from different countries.
⒁. The citizens, most of whom were workers , welcomed the new comers .
4.The reason 后跟定语从句表原因用why /for which 有is用that引导的表语从句。
①. The reason why he was late was that he got caught in the traffic jam.
②. The reason for which he gave up English was that he did not have much interest in it.
③. The reason for which we have to put off the meeting is that most of the doctors will be doing a very important operation on a patient.
5.当定语从句修饰人时优先选用who/ whom 当先行词为one, those, someone , anyone, everyone no one somebody ,nobody 等 常用who/whom.
①.Those who want to visit the exhibition hand in you the money to me.
②. Anyone who has eyes on his head can see it clearly.
③. He Who has an art has everywhere a part. （手艺在手走遍天下）
④.Those who laugh the last will laugh the best.
6. 只用 that 的情况:当先行词为something, anything, everything, nothing
时 用 that ;当先行词前有 all, only,any, very, just, little, last; 序数词；形容词最高级；人，物共被修饰；what, which, who 等 只用that.
①.They are talking of the things and persons that they could remember in their middle school.
②.All that glitters is not gold. (所有发光的不一定都是金子）
③.You told me to take anything that I liked that evening .
④.There is nothing in the world that can frighten me.
⑤.The first request that was made by them was to ask the King for freedom.
⑥.This is one of the most interesting films that have ever been shown in the cinema.
⑦.Who is the man that is standing at the gate of our school?
⑧.The book contains little that is useful .
⑨.Corn was not the only food that was taken to Europe from American.
⑩.Is oxygen the only gas that helps fire burn?
7.遇到as***; such***; the same***; not so*** 用 as.
①.You have also made the same foolish mistake as I did.
②.Can you write the same good article as Mao Zedong ?
③.He is not such a teacher as you say.
④.Jack is as clever a boy as his brother is.
⑤.Mary is not so beautiful a girl as you described .
⑥.He ate as much fruit as I did yesterday.
⑦.There are as many books in our library as there are in theirs.
①. I, who am your English teacher, will try my best to help you.
②. Those who laugh the last will laugh the best.
③. He who has an art has everywhere a part.
④. Mr. Herpin is one of the foreign experts who are working in China.
⑤. He is the only one of the boys in his class who plays the piano well.
⑴. He does not possess such qualifications as are necessary to be an actor.
⑵. She bought the same skirt as I had bought last week, so I need to talk to her about it so that we don't wear them the same at the same time.
⑶. The murderer who had killed several people on the campus was finally arrested by the police, as was expected.
⑷. He is as brave a man as ever lived．他是世界上最勇敢的人。
⑸. Don’t read such books as are not worth reading．不要读那些不值得读的书
⑹. Taiwan，as we all know，is an inseparable part of China．
⑺. As we all know，Taiwan is an inseparable part of China．
⑴.There is no man but makes mistakes. 没有任何人能够不犯错误。
⑵. There is no mother but loves her children．没有不爱自己孩子的母亲。
⑶. There was no one present but knew the story already．在场的人都知道这个故事。
⑷.There is no one but likes to be praised．⑸.There is no one of us but wishes to visit Guilin．
⑹. There is no man but feels pity for those starving children．
⑺.There is no one in our class but wants to help you．
⑻. There is no country so wild and difficult but will be made a theatre of war．
⑼.There is no rule in English but has exceptions.英语中没有无例外的规则。
⑽.There is no old habit but may be cured by a strong will-power.
⑾. With the introduction of the electronic computer, there is no complicated problem but can be
solved in a few hours.由于引进了电子计算机，没有在几小时内解
⑴. Parents had better not give kids more money than is needed.
⑵. Don't order more food than can be finished. 别点太多吃的，会吃不完的。
⑶. He got more pocket money from his parents than was demanded.
⑷. The project requires more labor than has been put in because it is extremely difficult
⑸.He smoked more (fewer) cigarettes than (he bought.) were normally available.
⑹. We often advise him not to drink more wine than is good for his health.
⑺. He got more pocket money from his parents than was demanded．
⑻. The project requires more labor than has been put in because it is extremely difficult．
⑼. Parents had better not give kids more money than is needed.
⑽. Fewer friends than we had expected came to our evening party
1. Way 后要用 that 关系副词 ( 省略）或 in which 引导。
①.Swimming with dolphins changed the way that / in which I think about myself.
②. Can you tell me the way that you worked out the problem.
③. There is no way that you can bring back you lost cell phone.
④.I don’t like the way （that /in which）he looks at me.
※ The reason that he gave was unbelievable.
2. in case that 、for fear that、 on condition that
①. You can go swimming in that river on condition that you don’t go too far away from the seaside.
②. I’ll lend you the money on condition that you must pay me back within three months.
③.In case that he comes, please let me know
④. Take John’s address with you in case that you have time to see him when you are in London.
⑤. Take notes while listening in case that you may forget what the teachers teach.
4. the moment that; the instant that; the minute that ; the second that
every time that; each time that; by the time that;
the first time that; the second time that; the next time that; the last time that
①. I’ll call you the moment that I get off the plane in London.
②. The thief ran away the instant he saw a policeman.
③. Every time that I see him, he is busy doing his lessons.
④. The first time that I saw her, she was a beautiful girl.
⑤. The next time that you come here, you can bring your wife and children along.
⑥. By the time that he was fourteen, Einstein had already learned advanced mathematics.
⑦. He told us to keep quiet for fear that we might disturb others.
⑧. we spoke in whispers for fear of waking the baby/for fear (that) we might wake the baby.\
2. 引导词：只有关系代词which和as. which常译为 “这…..”; as 常译为 “正如。。。”，在定语从句中做主语，宾语或介词宾语。
①. The old lady has three children, none of whom treat her well, which always makes her sad
②. The meeting is put off till Friday, which is just what we want.
③ After graduating from college，I took some time off to go travelling, which turned out to be a wise decision．
④. The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to
keep it running, which meant spending tens of thousands of pounds.
⑤ They won the match in our school, which meant they would take part in the national competition for our school.
⑥. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the film, which, of course, made the others unhappy.
⑦. As is known to all, Einstein is a famous physicist.
⑧. As we have seen, water covers 70% of the surface of the earth.
⑨. Doctor Zhang gave us a very wonderful speech, as we all had expected.
⑩. As is often the case, we have worked out the plan in time.
⑾. As is reported in the newspaper, talks between the two countries are making progress.
⑿. As has been announced, we shall have our final exams ne
beat, goal, realize, train, deserve, confident, excellent, shot, nervous, lazy, final, amazing, boring,
by the time, carry on, never mind, from now on, be pleased with, be angry with
表示感情 Expressing certain emotions
喜悦 Pleasure, joy
It was great. 棒极了。
That's a big score. 大比分。
Oh dear! 天哪！
Thanks for your last letter. 感谢你的上次来信。
日期 The time
Sunday, May 10. 五月十日，星期天。
The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时态
He said he had never seen such an exciting match before.
句中such是形容词，意思是"这样，那样"，加强语气，表示惊奇的情绪，跟形容词连用。such an exciting match 相当于so exciting a match (这么激动的比赛)。如：
It was such a lovely day.相当于It was so lovely a day.
I have never seen such a large one. 相当于I have never seen so large a one .
1. Do you like watching or playing football?
（1）"What would you like to have, coffee, tea or milk?" "None"．
（2）"Who are you going to see, John or Bill？" "John．"
（3）"What would you like, rice or noodles?" "Either."
（4）"Do you want this book or that one?""你要这本书，还是那本书？"
"I want both．""两本我都要。"（两者都要）
2. We all thought this would be an easy game. 我们都原以为这是一场容易的比赛。
I thought he was a clever boy. 我原以为他是个聪明的男孩。（ 他其实并不聪明）
区别：I think he is a clever boy. 我认为他是个聪明的男孩。（他很可能是聪明的）
3. He thought the girls deserved to win. 他认为女队应该赢。
例：Good work deserves good pay. 好的工作应得好的报酬。
例：be deserving of sympathy 值得同情。
4. His excellent shot went low to the left of the girls' goal.
The sun sank low.
He spoke low just now.
1. Then Li Xiaolin scored twice in the last six minutes to make the final score 4-3.
The final game of the basketball will begin. 排球决赛将开始。
The final unit of the book is Unit18. 本书最后一单元是18单元。
2. I guess the girls are very pleased with themselves. 我猜女队对她们自己是非常满意的。
句中be pleased with意思是"对……高兴；对于……满意"。如：
I'm very pleased with what he has done. 我对他所做的一切非常满意。
We're quite pleased with your coming. 我为你的到来感到十分高兴。
1. from now on 是介词短语，意思是"从现在起"。如：
We should study still harder from now on. 今后我们应更加努力地学习。
2. I expect that was funny. 我料想那是有趣的。
I expect that he went to town yesterday. 我以为他明天进城去。
- Will he be late ? - 他会不
- I expect so. - 我想会的。
I don't expect so. 相当于I expect not. 我想不会的。
1. beat ,win和hit的区别：
beat 是动词，意思是"连续地打; 打败; 敲打"。beat后可接人或队名。意思是"击败对手。"如：
I can beat you at swimming.
He won a game. 他胜一局。
We won a match. 我们比赛得胜。
The mother hit her child out of anger. 妈妈生气，打了她孩子一下。
2. keep doing和keep on doing
The girl kept crying all the time. 那个女孩一直在哭。
The baby kept sleeping about four hours. 这个婴儿连续睡了大约四个小时。
keep on doing 表示"总不断做某事"，不表示静止状态。不能与sitting、sleeping、lying、standing这类词连用。如：
It kept on raining for seven days.
Don't keep on asking such silly questions.
3. get, turn, become
（1）The days are getting shorter and shorter in winter．
（2）She couldn't answer the question and her face turned red．
（3）-- How long have you been a teacher？-- For ten years.
When did you become a teacher? - Ten years ago.
By the end of that year he had collected more than a thousand foreign stamps.
When we got there the football match had already started.我们到那儿时，足球比赛已经开始了。
They fulfilled the plan earlier than they had expected.他们的计划完成得比预料的早。
注意：（1）在包含when, as soon as, before, after, until, now that等连词的复合句中，如果主句谓语和从句谓语表示的过去动作是在不同时间发生，那么先发生的动作通常需用过去完成时。但如果两个动作紧接着发生，特别是在包含before 和after的复合句中，则常常不用过去完成时，而用过去时。例如：
After he said good-bye to me, he left the city. 和我告别后，他就离开了这座城市。
（2）Intend, hope, plan, mean, want, think等动词的过去完成时可用来表示一个本打算做而没有做的事。例如：
I had intended to come over to see you last night, but someone called me and I couldn’t get away.
l. It's______ important match that we can't miss it.
A. such a B. such an C. so a D. so an
2. The two friends were ______ pleased to see each other that they talked on and on happily in the park.
A. too B. quite C. so D. such
3. Work harder, ___ you'll make greater progress.
A. but B. or C. so D. and
4. - Who are you going to play ____?
A. about B. up C. against 5. They never agreed with each other ____ they did when they were young.
A. as B. if C. or D. like
6．We got to the station just _______ to catch the train.
Ａ．in time Ｂ．on time Ｃ．at the time Ｄ．for time
7．He kept _______ there all day.
Ａ．sit Ｂ．to sit Ｃ．sitting Ｄ．being sit
8．We can not _______ them.
Ａ．win Ｂ．beat Ｃ．be won Ｄ．be beaten
9．They felt _______ to finish the homework in such a short time.
Ａ．it is not easy Ｂ．it was not easyぃ茫甶t not easy Ｄ．it easy
1．B. so／such…that引导的结果状语从句中，so和such都有"如此；这样"之意，但so是副词，后跟形容词或副词；such是形容词，后跟名词，如果名词前的形容词是many, much, for, little时，则用so，不用such。如：They made so much noise that the teacher got angry．
3． D．"祈使句+陈述句"相当于"if引导的条件状语从句的肯定式+主句"构成的复合句，该句可表达为：If you work harder， you'll make greater progress.
5．A．as在此意为"依照；正如；像"，引导方式状语从句。再如：When at Rome do as the Romans do．（入乡随俗）。
6. Ａ. in time （for do sth.）表示"参加……或，做……来得很及时。"而on time 为准时。例： The films often start on time.
7. Ｃ. keep （on） doing sth 表示不间断地做某事。
8. Ｂ. 我们赢不了他们。beat 后跟人，win后跟match.Ｄ项缺少ｂｙ，否则上句为"我不会被他们打败"。
9. Ｃ. find/think/feel/it ＋形容词（或名词）＋to do sth.在此句型中，if 作形式宾语，形容词作宾补，而不定式作实际上的宾语。不能把it看作宾语从句的主语
Textbook：Go for it!(2B) Teacher:Zheng Jinshen
Content：Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived ?
Analysis of the Teaching Material：
The topic of this unit is about interesting events. It deals with something interesting about the UFO and aliens , so it can arouse the students’ special attention easily . In this unit , students will learn to talk about the past events and tell a story with the Simple Past Continuous Tense , so it is very important to grasp the structures and usages of these two tenses. Students will also learn the Adverbial Clause led by when and while , and mastering their differences is very important . In the Reading , students will know something about some important and interesting events which happened in the history . They will be taught to be good at looking back the days in the past and cherish the good time at present by recalling and describing the past events .
1、Knowledge and skills
In this unit students learn to talk about past events and tell a story ; learn and master the ways to express the Adverbial Clause led by when/while ; learn and understand the differences between the Simple Past Tense and the Past Continuous Tense. Improve their abilities of listening , speaking , reading and writing ; improve their abilities of communication and integrating skills .
2、Processes and methods
With the studying strategies of Using context and Role playing , get the students to do pairwork to learn to talk about past events and tells a story by using the teaching courseware , pictures , flashcards or objects . At the same time , enable the students to tell a story and master the use of the Simple Past Tense and the Past Continuous Tense by writing sentences according to the pictures , drilling sentence patterns, describing real events and role playing conversations .
3、Emotion , attitudes and value
The content of this unit is close to the students’ life and the topic is about talking about past events and telling a story , so it can arouse the students’ special attention easily and inspire the students’ enthusiasm and exert their potential. At the same time , get the students to look back the days in the past and cherish the good time at present by recalling and describing the past events , enable the students to cooperate with others , help each other and complete the tasks together by going all kinds of activities .
Difficulties and Focuses:
1、Learn to talk about the past events and tell a story with the Simple Past Tense and the Past Continuous Tenes;
2、Learn the Adverbial Clause led by when/while；
3、Tell the differences between the Simple Past Tense and the Past Continuous Tense ;
4、Train students to use the target language correctly in speaking and writing.
Teaching Periods: 6 periods
The first period: Section A la-1c and Section A 2c
The second period: Section A 2a-2b 含 Grammar Focus and SectionA 4 Section B 4 b
The third period: SectionA 3a-3b and Section B 1 and Self check 2-3
The fourth period: Section B 2a-2c and Self check 1 含 Just for Fun!
The fifth period: SectionB 3-4a and Reading Section 1
The sixth period: Reading Section2-4
The First Period
Teaching content: Section A la-1c and Section A 2c
Teaching objectives: Talk about the past events
Words: UFO barber barber shop bathroom bedroom kitchen get out take off while land alien
What were you doing when the teacher came in?
I was talking/reading/looking out of the window.
What was he doing when the UFO arrived/took off？
He was sleeping when it arrived.
He was riding his bike when it took off.
a、To get the information from the pictures and listening materials, and quickly deal with the information.
b、To learn the structures and the usage of the Past Continuous Tense by answering the reporter’s questions.
c、To get the Ss to learn how to express the statements with the Past Continuous Tense.
To learn how to express the Past Continuous Tense.
Task-based Language Teaching
Teaching by listening and practicing
Teaching aids: small pictures, a small blackboard and a recorder
Step l. Leading in
1.1 Greetings and duty report.
(Organize the beginning of this class and have a student on duty to report.)
1.2 Ask and answer.
T: What were you doing when I came in?
(Help the student to answer the question and then write the answer on the Bb.)
T:What about you?
(Ask the same question and have the Ss answer it. Of course the answers are various .While the students answer the question , write the real answers on the Bb.)
1.3 Look and learn.
Show some pictures and introduce the UFO and aliens , teaching new words UFO and alien. After that ask the Ss if they have heard of the UFOs.
(Get the Ss to look at the picture and tell them that the UFO is a strange object that some people think they have seen in the sky and that may come from another planet. The UFO is short for“unidentified flying object”. As for alien , it is a person or an animal that comes from another planet in space. )
1.4 Have the Ss read a passage about the UFO ,showing a small blackboard.
Step 2.Look and match (Section A 1a )
2.1 Show another picture and talk about it with the Ss.
T: What can you see in the picture?
T: Can you see the UFO?
T: Who is in the UFO?
T: What else can you see? etc
2.2 Books open at page 18. Look through the picture in activity la.
(Discuss the picture with the Ss .Point out the experience of each person when the UFO arrived , teaching new words.)
2.3 Match the statements with the people in the picture.
Step 3. Listen and circle (Section A 1b)
3.1 Read the instruction to the class .(Writing the title of this unit on the Bb.)
3.2 Talk about the people’s actions in the picture.
T: What was A doing when the UFO arrived?
S1: He was standing in front of the library.
T: What was B doing when the UFO arrived?
S2: He was sleeping in his bedroom.
(Help the Ss answer the questions. Pay attention to the structure and the usage of the Past Continuous Tense , writing the structure on the Bb.)
3.3 Listen to the reporter’s questions and circle the correct responses.
(Play the recording the first time .Students only listen. For a second time , ask the Ss to circle the correct phrases.)
3.4 Books open at page 88. Listen and repeat the conversation.
Step 4 . Practice (Section A 1c)
4.1 Ask and answer in pairs.
eg T: What was D doing when the UFO arrived?
Ss: He was getting out of the shower.
Have the Ss do like this.
4.2 Ask and answer according to the real actions.
T: What were you doing when they talked?
S1: I was listening to them.
T: What was A doing when B answered my question?
S2: He was looking out of the window. etc
4.3 Make a survey.
Get the students to do pairwork like activity 1c to talk about :What were you doing when they talked?
(As the Ss talk , move around the room and check their work .Offer language assistance as needed.)
Step5 Grammar Focus (Section A 2c)
5.1 Talk about the picture in activity 2c .Ask Ss to say what each person is doing.
5.2 Ask and answer.
eg. What was the girl doing when the UFO took off?
She was walking down the street.
5.3 Present two more ways of saying.
The girl was walking down the street when the UFO took off .
(a) When the UFO took off , the girl was walking down the street.
(b) While the girl was walking down the street , the UFO took off.
5.4 Point out the Adverbial Clause led by when/ while.
5.5 Ask the Ss to work in small groups like the sample dialogue in activity 2c.
(Move around the room checking the progress of the groups and offering assistance as needed)
Make some sentences including the Past Continuouse Tense and when or while.
Writing on the Bb
Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
What were you doing when I came in? UFO alien bathroom kitchen
I was doing my homework/reading/resting. get out of the shower cut hair take off /land
What was A doing when the UFO arrived? be (was/were)+V.ing
He was standing in front of the library.
The girl was walking down the street when the UFO took off.
(a)When the UFO took off ,the girl was walking down the street.
(b)While the girl was walking down the street, the UFO took off.
语法教学，不是老师生硬地灌输，而是启发学生通过大量的语言练习，在运用中让学生自我总结，自我归纳，悟出语言规律，是一种自我习得语言的过程。本节课笔者通过听、说、读、写等方式，设置具体的语境，如询问学生当老师走进教室时在干什么（What were you doing when I came in ?），图文并茂，看图说话（What was A doing when the UFO arrived?），听音选词等等，都是用感知的方式让学生接触过去进行时，通过具体的语言情境，让他们在有意义的交流中感悟语言规则（What were you doing when they talked?），通过实践去领悟，通过观察去总结规则（如比较when与while 的使用），最后指出过去进行时的构成be（was / were ）+V.ing 可以说是画龙点睛之举。
Do you know about the UFO?
Today many people enjoy reading stories about the UFO .Many people in different countries are studying the UFO .But what is the UFO?
The UFO is a kind of objects.It seems to fly much faster than the plane on the earth . It often carries visitors coming from other stars.
UFO scientists and many people believed there are UFOs. Some people said they saw some strange visitors coming out of the UFOs. Some even said they were carried away in the UFOs, and then they were sent back by the strange visitors.
Maybe these people made mistakes. Perhaps they saw a weather balloon (气球)or an uncommon plane. Sometimes they saw the light from the ground or the moon.
But there are a lot of things we can’t understand. Now people still can’t understand the UFO clearly. It may take many years to find a clear answer, and then people will give UFO another name.
M3 U1 课文内容
Passage A: Reading:
When Polly left home that morning, the city was already ___________ __________ a grey mist. After work, she stepped __________ __________ the fog and wanted to take her usual bus. But the fog is too thick for the bus to run ___________ far. So she ___________ an underground train. While on the train, she sensed that she was followed by a tall man. How she wished _________ someone _________ __________ ____________ to help her, but fear __________ ___________ _____________. To her surprise, the man turned out to a kind blind man who wanted to help people in the fog. He thought it gave him a chance to _________ _________ other people’s help. So he is a grateful helper.
Passage B: Project:
There are many types of sharks, but only about 30 types of sharks have ever been reported ____________ ___________ human beings. The chances of being attacked by a shark is small ____________ ___________ other dangers. Many more people drown in the ocean every year than ___________ ___________ by sharks. There are three types of shark attacks. Two of them are more likely ____________ ____________ ____________ for humans. However, if you __________ the advice, you will be safer: for example, hit the shark _________ _________ nose; ___________ your finger __________ the shark’s eye.
1. deserted (adj.) → (v.)
2. observe (v.) → (n.) (adj.)
3. stressed (adj.) → ()
4. confidently (adv.) → (n.) → (adj.)
5. reduce (v.) → (n.) → (adj.)
6. accept (v.) → (n.) → (adj.)
7. truth (n.) → (adj.) → (adv.)
8. related (adj.) → (v.) → (n.) → (n.)
9. deeply (adv.) → (adj.) → (n.) → (vt.)
10. deadly (adj.) → (adj.) → (n.) → (v.)
1、 Polly found herself ___________ ___________ ___________ a man standing with his hand ___________ on her arm.（波莉发现自己身边站着一个男人，他的手搭在她的胳膊上。她盯着他看。）
2、 “Ah, twenty! A nice age __________ __________.（啊，二十岁！多好的年龄啊！）
3、 ___________ ____________（一旦出来） in the street, she walked quickly towards her usual bus stop.
4、 ___________ ___________ ____________ the steps here.（当心）
5、 She could feel her heart ____________ ____________ _____________（因……害怕而跳动）.
6、 When __________（攻击） in this way, the shark ___________ __________ （等）you to swim by and attacks you suddenly.
7、 The face that she saw was ___________ of an old man.
8、 There was no one ___________ ____________.（在视线范围之内）
9、 The shark bumps you to find out if you are ___________ ___________ ____________ ______________.（适合于吃）
10、 The tall man was ____________ _____________ _____________.（到处都看不见）
1、 Their demand is the good use we_________ our spare time for our study of science and technology.
A. make from B. make of C. make out D. make into
2、 In hilly, dry or mountainous areas where it is impossible to grow crops, it makes very good _____________ to keep sheep or goats.
A. sense B. senses C. reason D. reasons
3、 The bus didn’t arrive on time. Timmy waited anxiously and _______ his watch from time to time.
A. stared at B. glared at C. glanced at D. peered at
4、 To solve the problem of feeding the world, scientists are developing new types of plants which are less likely to be _________ by pests and diseases.
A. attracted B. attacked C. accepted D. accessed
5、 ---How are you managing to do your work without an assistant?
---Well, I ___________ somehow.
A. get along B. come on C. watch out D. set off
6、 They built a wall to avoid soil __________.
A. to wash away B. washing away
C. to be washed away D. being washed away
7、 The theory he’s stuck __________ us that earthquakes can be forecast.
A. to proves B. to proves to C. to prove D. which proves to
8、 ___________ Bill’s flat with our small one, I found his seemed like a palace.
A. Compared B. compared to C. Comparing to D. Comparing
9、 She is a kind and beautiful girl and I think she is really fit ________ you to get married ________.
A. of; with B. for; to C. for; with D. of; to
10、 Please go and get the dictionary by yourself. It’s ________ you put it last time.
A. there B. where C. there where D. on there
Covered in; out into; that; took; for; to come along; held her still; pay back
As attacking; compared to; are bitten; to be deadly; follow; on the; Stick in
1.desert 2.observation observational 3.stress 4.confidence confident
5. reduction reductive 6. acceptation acceptable 7.true truly
8. relate relation relationship 9. deep depth deepen 10.dead death die dying
1. staring up at; resting 2. to be 3. once out 4. watch out for 5. beating with fear 6. attacking; waits for 7. that 8.in sight 9. fit to be eaten 10. nowhere to be seen
English is a language with many ____________ rules. Before the middle of the 5th ____________, people in __________ all spoke Celtic. Then three Germanic tribes from the European mainland and the Vikings from the Scandinavian countries invaded Britain. They ________ what we now call Old English. As a result, many pairs of words and phrases have ___________ meanings in English. After the Normans conquered England, French was spoken in this country together with English, which ___________ in even more pairs of similar words.
_________ English included many Latin and Greek words. ___________ also underwent huge changes. It is certain that this _________ will continue, and people will keep ___________ new words and new ways to say things.
The Chinese language _________from many Western languages in that it uses _________which have meanings and can stand ________as words. Chinese people invented numerous characters to _________ideas, objects or actions. There is a ________that says that a man named Cang Jie invented Chinese writing. Some characters have been _________and others have been developed from _________into _________forms. The pictograph for a mountain was ________three peaks together. This became one peak and three lines and ___________turned into the character used today.
1.reflect vt.→__________(n.) 2.confuse vt. →__________(adj.) →__________(n)
3.conquer v.→__________(n.) 4.simplify vt. →_________(adj.) →_________(n.)
5.invade v. →__________(n.) 6.create vt.→__________(adj.) →__________(n.)
7.pronounce v.→__________(n.) 8.represent vt. →_________(n.) →_________(adj.)
9.indicate vt.→__________(n.) 10.different adj. →__________(vi)→__________(n.)
1、 The language______ ______（由---组成）an Anglo-Saxon base plus words from the languages of Denmark and Norway.
2、Many factors_________ _______（起促成作用）the development of this new type of English.
3、Despite the fact, French still______ ______ _______ ______（对---有影响）the English language.
4、By the latter half of the 14th century, English_______ _____ _______（被采用）all classes in England.
5、But the question is______ _______（如果---怎样?）I still cannot understand the meanings.
6、He_______ ______ _______（制定一项标准）for how people were to speak English。
7、Traveling to Beijing_______ _______（占用了） a lot of time.
8、_________ ________（并非所有的）characters are used to describe objects.
9、The Chinese language differs from many Western languages_______ _______（因为）it uses characters which have meanings and can stand alone as words.
1、 We had to wait half an hour _______ we had already booked a table.
A. despite B. although C. until D. before
2、 Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _____ it was 20 years ago, when it was so poorly equipped.
A. what B. that C. why D. which
3、 He was born in Beijing and _____ in Shanghai.
A. rose B. raised C. brought D. lifted
4、 Many foreigners find the Chinese customs rather ______.
A. confuse B. to confuse C. confused D. confusing
5、 He is always working very hard. It is ___ that he will pass the college entrance examination.
A. sure B. certain C. surely D. certainly
6、 In Britain today, women _______ 44% of the workforce.
A. take up B. pick up C. make up D. give up
7、 Papermaking began in China and from here it _______ to North Africa and Europe.
A. spread B. promised C. accessed D. developed
8、 ---Nancy is not coming tonight. ---But she________!
A. promises B. promised C. will promise D. had promised
9、 She has successfully _____ a career with bringing up a family.
A. joined B. connected C. managed D. combined
10、 _____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your e-mail account.
A. What is required B. What requires C. It is required D. It requires
throughout（+ place / time） ~ the country / the night
1. all over + place ~ the country
all through + time ~ the year
~ CCTV news收听中央电视台新闻
~ the passengers接乘客
. pick up ~ English学英语
2. ~ a wallet on the ground 捡起地上的钱包
~ the information（偶然地）得到那个消息
pick out 选择；分辨出
contribute …to… ①把……捐给…… contribute a lot of money to the charity
②投稿……给…… contribute some assays to a magazine
contribute to ①对……有贡献、有助于 Proper exercise contributes to good
②是……的原因之一 Careless driving contributed to this accident.
make a contribution to 对……有贡献
obey / break the rule
as a rule 一般说来、通常
4. rule make it a rule to do sth.=make a rule of doing sth. 规定有做某事的习惯
under the rule of
by rule 按规定地
rule out 排除……
①举起 ~ your hand / a box
②提高（音量、价格、程度等） ~ the standard of living/ one’s voice/ the bus
5. raise ③种植（农作物等）、饲养（家禽等）、抚养（子女）~ wheat/ sheep/ five children
⑤唤起、引起 ~ a few laughs / fears
⑥提出（问题等）~ a question
adopt ①采取、采纳 ~ a new teaching method / one’s idea
6. ②收养（某人） They are not my real parents, I am adopted.
adapt ① ~ (oneself) to 适应……
②adapt sth (for sth) 改编……（为……之用）
7. be made up of=consist of=be composed of 由……组成
8. despite=in spite of 后接短语
though / although 后接从句
9. process [U,C]过程、程序 the ~ of development / making cake
in (the) process of在进行中
depend on + sb. to do sth.
You can’t depend on him to come on time.
10.=You can’t depend on his coming on time.
=You can’t depend on it that he will come on time.
It (all) depends.=That (all) depends. （口语）那得看情况（而定）。
be dependent on 视……而定、取决于……
promise sb. sth.
promise to do sth.
promise that -clause
make a promise
11. promise=give a promise 许下诺言
keep / break a promise 守/违约
carry out a promise 履行诺言
promise (to be) +名词或形容词 ： 有望……
12. difficulty n. 作抽象意义时[U]； 作具体意义[C]。
with difficulty ; without difficulty
get / run into difficulties
out of a / the difficulty ; in a difficulty
have some [much , little ,no] difficulty (in) doing sth.
find some [much , little ,no] difficulty (in) doing sth.
There be difficulty (in) doing sth.
care about 关心、在乎 （常用于否定、疑问或条件句中）；后接从句时about要省略。
13. care for 关心、照料、喜欢、愿意（用于肯定句、疑问句中，不用被动）
care to do sth.想要、愿意 （用于否定句、疑问句）
①[U] 接近……的机会 Every student has free ~ to the library.
14. access ②[U] 通道 This is the only ~ to the village.
③[U] (向场所等)接近 ~ to the cinema is quite easy.
①指行动的总称是不可数名词 What we need now is ~, not thought.
He has done a mad ~ recently.
15. action ~s speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩；行动胜于空谈
③take action 采取行动
⑤put… in/ into action把……付诸实施
as a whole 表示把某事或某几件事当作一整体来看。即可作状语，也可作定语。
We must examine these problems ~. 我们把这些问题作为一个整体来考察。
16. That was her final judgment on the story ~. 这就是她对整个故事的最后判断。
on the whole=considering everything; general “总的说来”、“大体上”。一般作状语。~, I’m in favor of the idea.大体说来，我赞成这个想法。
①朝……的方向 要用in … direction， 介词用in，不用to。
②“在……的帮助下”要说with the help of…；
17. direction 但“在……指导下”要说 under the direction of
1. It is certain that we would not be able to understand it if we heard it today.
2. Despite/ In spite of this fact, French still had an impact on the English language
3. As a whole, the characters have developed from drawings into standard forms.
4. It happened that my new neighbor comes from my hometown.
【例1】 He had to earn enough money to ______ his big family.
A. feed B. raise
C. rise D. support
【例2】 Many people in the west make _____ a rule to buy Christmas presents for their relatives and friends. （2007泰州4月模拟卷）
A. this B. it
C. that D. them
1. Don’t worry. You’ll ________ after such a bad disease.
A. take up B. pick up C. put up D. give up
2. - If he works harder, he ________ to succeed in science.
-Yes. He is _______ diligent than clever.
A. hopes; much more B. wishes; no more
C. promises; more D. will be able; rather
3. This test ____ a number of multiple choice questions.
A. is consisted of B. consists of C. composes of D. is made of
4. She ______ five hens and _______them three times a day.
A. raises; fed B. raised; raised C. fed; fed D. fed; raised
5. ―Are you leaving this weekend or next Monday?
―That _______ the weather.
A. is depended on B. is relied on C. depends on D. relies on
6. There is no need to leave a tip. Service ______ in the bill.
A. includes B. is included C. is contained D. contains
7. _______, the meeting was a success.
A. On whole B. As a whole C. As the whole D. On the whole
8. Because of the poor harvest, wheat prices have _______ in the last six months.
A. added B. jumped C. raised D. gathered
9. _______ high price, demand for this new type of family cars is still very high.
A. Thanks to B. Because of C. In case of D. Despite
10. For the whole year the nation, struck by unwanted war, was in a ______ of grief and indignation.
A. situation B. position C. condition D. state
11. There is a small group of words which even some native speakers and writers of English find ______.
A. confusing B. confused C. to confuse D. being confused
12. Eating too much fat _____ heart trouble and causes high blood pressure.
A. attended to B. adopts to C. contributes to D. relates to
13. With the development of science and technology, the _____ of living has become higher than ever.
A. pattern B. style C. model D. standard
14. ― Would you please lend me some money?
― Sorry. It ________ that I didn’t have any extra money with me.
A. happened B. looked C. turned D. appeared
15. The twin brothers are similar ________ they both like swimming.
A. except that B. in that C. in which D. so that
Clint Eastwood will receive the Directors Guild of America’s (DGA, 美国导演协会) highest honor, the lifetime achievement award, at a Hollywood ceremony in January. That is, 16 golden statuette (小塑像) will 17 Clint Eastwood.
Eastwood has won four Oscars － 18 two for best direction, for 1993’s Unforgiven and 2005’s Million Dollar Baby － and is regarded 19 the greatest active American film-maker of his 20 without question.
“As one of 21 prolific, versatile 22 in the history of 23 , there isn’t a genre that Clint Eastwood hasn’t mastered in the more than 25 films he has directed over the past 35 years,” DGA president Michael Apted 24 , “His ongoing body of work continues to touch generations of moviegoers and bring 25 into movie theatres. He does it all with great class, intelligence and style.”
Eastwood’s 26 skills are clear in all his works 27 include 28 critical and commercial successes as Mystic River, The Bridges of Madison County, Play Misty for Me, and his 29 Oscar-winning 30 , and it would take a brave person to bet against him expanding his collection of 31 statuettes.
He recently wrapped filming on Flogs of Our Fathers, an emotionally charged account of the six soldiers who raised the US 32 at the critical 33 __battle of Iwo Jima (硫磺岛). The film is expected to open towards the end of 2006 in a calculated move to position it as a strong awards 34 .
The DGA ceremony is set 35 on January 28, 2006.
16. A. more B. another C. extra D. else
17. A. belong to B. belong C. have D. be had
18. A. consist of B. consisted C. including D. included
19. A. as B. which C. for D. with
20. A. aged B. generation C. history D. company
21. A. mostly B. most C. a most D. the most
22. A. makers B. actors C. directors D. pianists
23. A. a commercial B. the commercial C. medium D. the medium
24. A. added, saying B adding, said C. said, adding D. said. added
25. A. views B. huge viewers C. a large audience D. huge audience
26. A. praiseworthy B. praise C. praiseful D. praised
27. A. / B. which C. it D. that
28. A. such B. so C. quite D. very
29. A. six B. two C. five D. seven
30. A. films B. plays C. TV plays D. music
31. A. golden B. silver C. copper D. glass
32. A. flag B. hands C. caps D. guns
33. A. Iraq War B. War of Independence C. Second World War D. First World War
34. A. director B. competitor C. artist D. film-maker
35. A. occur B. happening C. take place D. to take place
After a 13-year ban on the sale of fireworks in Beijing, Kang Guoliang, 51, was able to start his old trade again yesterday.
As a salesman in Xinhui store in Dongcheng District, he is happy about the increasing number of buying fireworks wrapped in red paper - a color standing for happiness and good luck.
“Fireworks are available for the first time in town for more than a decade,” Kang said happily. “People will buy them.”
The store has 300 boxes of fireworks piled up and is open 24 hours at the moment. Residents are buying the fireworks and firecrackers for the upcoming Spring Festival, which falls on February 18.
Citywide, 2,116 registered stores and retailers, 585 in the centre and 1,600 on the outskirts are trading fireworks in the Chinese capital. Sales of fireworks within the Fifth Ring Road started yesterday and will last until March 4, Xinhua reported. Among the stores, 117 stores are permitted to operate 24 hours. About 600,000 boxes of firecrackers worth more than 100 million yuan have been carried to registered stores.
The Chinese capital began a ban in 1993 to reduce fireworks-related deaths and fires during the holiday season. Last September the ban was removed in response to residents’ fondness for fireworks when celebrating Spring Festival.
According to new rules, Beijing residents are allowed to set off fireworks within the Fifth Ring Road all day on Lunar New Year’s Eve and Lunar New Year’s day, from 7 a.m. to midnight every day from February 19 to March 4.
“Spring Festival without fireworks is not Spring Festival,” said Sheng Hefei, who was buying fireworks in the store. “It was fun to light the firecrackers when I was little,” he said. “The sound and view of fireworks make a real holiday.” However, not all residents welcome the return of firecrackers because of injuries, pollution and noise. “My child is scared of the sudden sound of firecrackers, and it is annoying to hear it all night long,” complained Lu Jun, a local resident.
(China Daily 02/11/2007)
36. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Beijing fireworks sales start after a 13-year ban.
B. People go to buy fireworks and firecrackers in Beijing.
C. Beijing residents welcome the return of firecrackers.
D. Many stores began to sell fireworks and firecrackers.
37. How many days will the sales of fireworks last?
A. 14 days. B. 12 days.
C. 16 days. D. 23 days.
38. We can learn from the passage that ____________.
A. every Spring Festival falls on February 18
B. Beijing residents can set off fireworks everywhere
C. fireworks are allowed to be sold because people like them.
D. from February 19 to March 4, Beijing residents can set off fireworks all day
39. What is the writer’s attitude towards the sales of fireworks in Beijing?
A. Negative B. Not mentioned
C. Positive D. Satisfactory
People will soon cool their homes with power from the burning desert sun. Deserts are becoming hot spots for solar thermal (热的) power in which futuristic troughs (低谷期) pay more attention to the sun's rays and create steam to run power-producing turbines (涡轮机) at power plants.
Tiny experimental plants built in the 1980s in California ran into problems when energy prices dropped. But as oil, natural gas and electricity costs soar, companies are racing to build commercial solar thermal plants that are the size of power plants.
Limits on emissions (释放) of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels have also promoted the new technology. Utah-based International Automated Systems Inc. signed an agreement to build a $150 million, 100-megawatt power plant for Solar Renewable Energy in Nevada. And North Carolina-based Solargenix will break ground on a 64 MW, $100 million solar thermal plant called Nevada Solar One.
Currently, all the types of solar energy provide only about 1 percent of U. S. power. One problem is price. Solar thermal at present costs about 12 to 15 cents per kilowatt hour, Westerholt said, compared with natural gas power which costs 10 cents per KWH. But as production grows, solar companies expect costs to slip to 8 cents per KHW in five years.
Solar thermal is expensive compared with wind energy and fuels. But it does have advantages. Power from the desert sun is more reliable than wind power during the day. And unlike fuels, it has no greenhouse gases.
And solar thermal is growing globally. A white paper says that by 2040 solar power could satisfy more than 5 percent of the world's electricity demand. The best places for it are Australia, the United States, Spain, the Middle East and North Africa, which could export power from the sun to Europe on high-tech power lines.
40. How many factors does the passage mention which affect the development of solar thermal power?
A. One. B. Two.
C. Three. D. Four.
41. The underlined word “soar” ( in Paragraph 2 ) means ________.
A. dropped B. disappeared
C. limited D. increased
42. The passage mentioned Solargenix in order to show that _________.
A. limits on greenhouse gases can encourage new technologies
B. it will need lots of money to build Solargenix
C. Solargenix was a newly-built plant
D. the solar thermal power has its own promising future
43. According to the passage, which of the following energy supplies is more reliable and renewable during the day?
A. Wind. B. Oil.
C. The sun. D. Coal.
44. Which of the following will be the best title for the passage?
A. The Solar Thermal Power Age Is Coming.
B. More Measures Should Be Made for Solar Development.
C. Advantages for the Solar Thermal Power.
D. Solar Thermal Is Growing Globally.
370 S. Perry St., Denver, Colorado
Price: $164,500 For sale by: Resale Homes by Owner
Bedrooms: 3 Bathroom: 1 Garage: 1
Square Feet: l, 003 Lot Size: 2
Year Built: -
School District: -
Open House Date: -
Open House Time: -
Date Posted: January 21, 2007
Best value in Denver: This Garden style home is equipped with a grape vine that wraps around the front of the house. There is a small-unfinished basement, attic (阁楼) and an additional room in the garage. It is zoned (划成区域) R2 (two families can live here) and positioned at the back of the double sized lot (plenty of room to build) It is fully landscaped (美化) with sprinkler (洒水装置) system and privacy (独处而不受干扰) fence. It is 5 minutes from downtown. The neighbors are great, and security is good. Viewing anytime.
Home Features: Carpeted Floors ● Dishwasher ● Patio
Community Features: Public Transportation ● Wheelchair Access
36. If one dollar equals 8 Yuan, one square feet equals 0.093 square meters, how much does one square meter of the house cost?
A. About 15,140 Yuan. B. About 13,120 Yuan.
C. About 13,160 Yuan. D. About 14,150 Yuan.
37. During summer time, the front of the home may look _________.
A. green B. white
C. red D. black
38. Which of the following statements about the house is NOT true?
A. You will spend extra money to build a room in the garage after buying the house.
B. You can have enough room to enlarge your house after you buy it.
C. You don’t need to water the plants in the garden by yourself.
D. If you buy the house, you can also have the dishwasher and carpet.
39. What does the “Wheelchair Access” probably mean?
A. It’s a kind of sidewalk built for disabled people.
B. It’s an entrance to a house built for the disabled people.
C. It’s a street built for the disabled people to have a walk.
D. It’s a special path for the disabled people to get to the garage.
Many people believe the glare from snow causes snow blindness. Yet, with dark glasses or not, they find themselves suffering from headaches and watering eyes, and even snow blindness, when exposed to several hours of “snow light”.
The United States army has now determined that glare from snow does not cause snow blindness in troops in a snow-covered country. Rather, a man’s eyes often find nothing to focus on in a broad space of snow-covered without-grass land. So his gaze continually moves and jumps back and forth over the entire landscape in search of something to look at. Finding something, hour after hour, the eyes never stop searching and the eyeballs become tired and the eye muscles ache. Nature makes up for this discomfort by producing more and more fluid (液体) which covers the eyeball. The fluid covers the eyeball in increasing quantity until it makes eyes difficult to see clearly, and the result is total, even though for a short time, snow blindness.
Experiments lead the Army to a simple method of overcoming this problem. Scouts (侦察员) ahead of the troops are trained to shake snow from evergreen bushes, creating a dotted line as they cross completely snow-covered landscape. Even the scouts themselves throw lightweight, dark-colored objects ahead on which they can focus too. The men following can then see something. Their gaze is arrested. Their eyes focus on a bush and having found something to see, stop searching the snow-blanketed landscape. By focusing their attention on one object at a time, the men can cross the snow without becoming hopelessly snow-blind or lost. In this way the problem of crossing a continuous white land is overcome.
40. To prevent snow blindness caused by the strong light from snow, wearing glasses or not _________.
A. depends on whether the snow is white enough
B. makes no difference
C. makes much difference
D. depends on whether the snow is thick
41. When the eyes are tired, tears flow out __________.
A. to clear the vision
B. to make the eyes stop searching
C. to make the vision unclear
D. to produce more and more liquid
42. Snow blindness can be prevented by ___________
A. moving one’s gaze back and forth
B. walking ahead and keeping looking around
C. making up for the discomfort of one’s eyes
D. providing the eyes with something to focus on
43. What is the probable meaning of the underlined part “Their gaze is arrested.”?
A. They get something to look at.
B. They can only look at one spot.
C. Their eyes are clear.
D. They can’t see freely.
比较项目 城 里 人 乡 下 人
活动内容 去乡下钓鱼、旅游、远足 进城购物、看电影、听演唱会
出行方式 乘车、徒步、骑自行车 乘车
目 的 回归自然、放松自己、呼吸新鲜空气、锻炼身体 感受现代生活
1、 Passage A（Reading）
1. confusing 2. century 3. Britain 4. created 5. similar
6. resulted 7. Modern 8. Pronunciation 9. process 10. inventing
2、 Passage B（Project）
1、 differs 2、characters 3、alone 4、represent 5、legend
6、simplified 7、drawings 8、standard 9、originally 10、eventually
1、consisted of 2、contributed to 3、had an impact on 4、was adopted by 5、what if
6、set a standard 7、takes up 8、Not all 9、in that
1-10 BABDB CABDC
1. reflection 2. confused/confusing, confusion
3. conquest/conqueror 4.simple,simplification
5. invasion 6. creative, creation
7. pronunciation 8. representation , representative
9. indication 10.differ, difference
3．B。be made up of=consist of=be composed of 由……组成。
7．D。as a whole意为“作为一个整体来看”，表示要从事物全貌来看、分析、考虑。on the whole意为“总的说来、大体上”。
10．D。in a state of … 意为“处于……状态”。
11．A。“which even some native speakers and writers of English find ____”在句中是定语从句，先行词words在从句中作find的宾语。此处是“find + 名词 +现在分词”构成的find复合宾语。
13．D。the standard of living是习惯表达，意为“生活水平”。
16．B。根据第二段Eastwood has won four Oscars可知已获得四次；再结合golden statuette。
19．A。be regarded as是短语。
25．C。 a large audience意为“很多观众”。
29．B。根据前文1993’s Unforgiven and 2005’s Million Dollar Baby可知答案。
33．C。根据后文的Iwo Jima 及历史知识可知。
37．D。根据第五段Sales of fireworks within the Fifth Ring Road started yesterday and will last until March 4和篇尾China Daily 02/11/2007得知时间是从2月10日至3月4日，又因为2月份共28天，因此是23天。
38．C。根据第六段第二句得知。A错在Every Spring Festival；B错在everywhere，应该是：within the Fifth Ring Road；D错在all day，应该是：from 7 am to midnight every day from February 19 to March 4。
37．A。依据是“This Garden style home is equipped with ...”，葡萄藤爬满房子正面，到了夏天当然看上去是绿油油的。
38．A。A项错在车库里的小房间是已经存在的：B项的依据是该房子的宅基地其实是供两所房子用的（“Lot Size：2”/“double sized lot”），当然扩建空间很足；C项的依据是花园用的是自动喷灌系统；D项的洗碗机和地毯是作为“房屋特色”列入广告中的，自然是属于房屋的一部分。
40．B。第一段第二句“Yet, with dark glasses or not…”提到戴不戴眼镜都会产生“雪盲”的症状，如头疼，流泪甚至雪盲。
41．C。第二段结尾部分“... makes eyes difficult to see clearly ...”说此时泪水流出来充满眼眶，眼睛看不清，导致雪盲。
One possible version:
As time goes on, both city people and country people have a lot of free time. They have different ways to spend their weekends.
After a stressful week of hard work, city people would like to go to the country and return to nature. They go fishing or traveling into the country while some go hiking into the country. Some people go to the country by car or by bike while others go on foot. They went to relax themselves, breathe fresh air and do exercise in the open air.
On the other hand, country people will drive into cities for shopping. They will see films or go to concerts on weekends. Country people want to perceive modern city life in this way.
Teaching contents: Reading and Vocabulary of Module 6
1. Learn some new words about animals in danger.
2. Train the skills of reading for information and have a rough idea of text.
3. Develop the sense of protecting the endangered animals.
1. New words and their use.
2. The rough idea of the passage.
1. Training of the reading skills.
2. Cultivation of the sense of protecting the endangered animals.
1. Cooperative learning.
2. Task-based learning.
Step1. Lead-in (4’)
● Ask Ss to say the animals in danger as many as possible.
● Give some pictures of some endangered animals Ss may not know, and teach the new words by the way.
● Question: Do you know any other words related to endangered animals?
Step2. Presentation Ⅰ---WORDS (5’)
● Read the words together on P51, Textbook.
● Do the exercise: Match the meanings with the words.
● Group work：Fill the following blanks with the words.
1. The Chinese government has created the _______ to help save the Siberian tiger’s ________.
2. Many _________ _________ are becoming less and less, and some are even _______.
3. We need to do something to help the endangered animals in their _______for _______.
Step3. Presentation Ⅱ--- READING (29’)
● Pre-reading: (5’)
1. Show a video and the picture of ANTELOPE, and give some basic information about it.
2. Have a look at the picture on P52, and lead the Ss to make a prediction about what the passage is about. The questions can be:
◆ What can you see in the picture?
◆ What are these people?
◆ Where is the story happening?
◆ What’s going to talk about in this text? (A story about antelopes? Why people kill them? Does the government take any measures？)
● While-reading: (5’+5’+7’+5’)
1. Fast reading: to find out the main idea of each paragraph, underline the words you don’t know, and then read the main idea together.
Paragraph1. Jieshang Suonandajie gave his life to save the Tibetan antelope.
Paragraph2. A large number of antelopes have been killed for their wool.
Paragraph3. The business of antelope wool is illegal but it is not easy to be stopped.
Paragraph4. The Chinese government began to take active part in protecting the antelopes.
Paragraph5. Progress has been made in protecting the antelopes.
2. Listen and follow to read, correcting your pronunciation.
3. Group work: Detailed-reading and find out the following numbers, and then discuss.
◆ The number of antelopes left by the 1990s.
◆ The price of a shawl made from ‘shatoosh’.
◆ The year when the trade ban on ‘shatoosh’ shawls were started.
◆ The number of ‘shatoosh’ shawls found in a London shop.
◆ The percentage of the antelope population those shawls represented.
◆ The number of poachers caught in ten years.
◆ The height of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.
◆ The year when the antelope population started to grow again.
4. Read again and do activity 2 on P52.
● Post-reading: (2’)
1. Question: What can we do to help antelopes, or other endangered animals?
Step4. Homework (1’)
● Read the passage by yourself.
● Do part 4 on P53, textbook.
Lesson Fifteen The Beauty Industry
Words and Expressions
1 abdomen [ ] n. 腹部，下腹 The region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
2 aesthetically [ ] adv. 审美上的 In a tasteful way
aesthetician [ ] n. 审美家，美学家 A philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
aesthetics [ ] n. 美学，审美学 The branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste
3 apparatus [ ] n. 器械，装置，仪器 Designed to serve a specific function
4 ascetic [ ] adj. 禁欲的 Pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic
ascetic [ ] n. 禁欲主义者，苦行者 Practices self denial as spiritual discipline
5 austere [ ] adj. 严厉的，简朴的 Severely simple
6 avarice [ ] n. 贪婪 Extreme greed for material wealth
7 beautification [ ] n. 美化，装饰 The act of making something more beautiful
8 bootleg [ ] v. 贩卖私酒 Sell illicit products such as drugs or alcohol
9 cheapen [ ] v. 降价，变得粗俗 Lower the grade of something; reduce its worth
10 cherry [ ] n. 樱桃 Fruit with a single hard stone
11 consummation [ ] n. 完成，结果，完美 The act of bringing to completion or fruition
consummate [ ] vt. 完成，使完善 Make perfect; bring to perfection
12 connoisseur [ ] n. 鉴赏家 An expert able to appreciate a field; especially in the fine arts
13 concede [ ] v. 承认，容许，让与 Admit, allow, grant
You must concede that we have tried our best to do this work.
concession [ ] n. 妥协，让步 Conceding
At last, one party made the concession.
14 conversely [ ] adv. 相反的 With the terms of the relation reversed
15 crone [ ] n. 老妇 Old woman
16 cult [ ] n. 狂热地崇拜 An interest followed with exaggerated zeal
17 cultivate [ ] v. 培养 Give care, thought, time in order to development
He tried to cultivate the people who can be useful to him in his business.
cultivation [ ] n. 开垦，培养 Cultivating or being cultivated
Many farmers are bringing land into cultivation on the mountain.
18 curly [ ] adj. 卷曲的 (of hair) having curls or waves
19 depress [ ] v. 使萧条 Make less active, cause prices to be lower
When economy was depressed, the people lived a poor life.
depression [ ] n. 萧条时期 Time when business is depressed
When there is a depression, the unemployment increases.
depressive [ ] adj. 不景气的 Tending to depress
The depressive factory has been closed down by the government.
20 diffuse [ ] v. 散布，传播 Send out, spread, in every direction
He diffused knowledge all over the country.
diffusion [ ] n. 散布，传播 Diffusing or being diffused
The diffusion of knowledge is through books and lectures.
21 disharmony [ ] n. 不和谐，不协调 Lack of harmony
His hobbies are in disharmony with mine.
harmony [ ] n. 和睦，协调，一致 Agreement of something, pleasing combination of related things
In those years the internaitonal affairs were not in harmony with one another.
harmonize [ ] v. 使协调，使和谐 Bring into harmony
The colour of your T-shirt harmonizes well with that of your trousers.
harmonious [ ] adj. 协调的 Pleasing or satisfactorily arranged
She was born and grew up in a harmonious family.
22 distressingly [ ] adv. 令人痛苦的 Unpleasantly
23 emphasis [ ] n. 重要性，重音 Special value or important, stress
This country put special emphasis on the education of the children.
emphasize [ ] v. 强调，加强语气 Give emphasis to
They emphasized the importance of learning foreign languages and computer.
emphatic [ ] adj. 强调的，语气强的 Having or showing emphasis
In the lecture, he spoke with an emphatic tone.
24 expend [ ] v. 花费 Spend
He expends all his money on stocks.
expendable [ ] adj. 可消费的 That may be expended
She thinks only part of her salary is expendable, the rest is for saving.
expenditure [ ] n. 花费，使用 Spending or using
Limit your expenditure to what is necessary.
25 Freud [ ] n. 弗洛伊德
Freudian [ ] adj. 弗洛伊德学派的
Freudian [ ] n. 精神分析学的信徒
26 gait [ ] n. 步态 A person's manner of walking
27 hagridden [ ] adj. 为噩梦所扰的 Tormented or harassed by nightmares or unreasonable fears
28 hair-lotion [ ] n. 护发液 Liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to hair
29 health motor [ ] 健身器材 Apparatus used to exercises one's body to keep healthy
30 hereditary [ ] adj. 遗传的 Passed from one generation to the following
Some diseases are hereditary.
heredity [ ] n. 遗传，遗传性 Tendency of passing the characteristics on to offsprings
The child gets the heredity genes from his parents.
31 hitherto [ ] adv. 迄今，到此时 Used in negative statement to describe a situation that has existed up to this point or up to the present time
31 hoarding [ ] n. 大广告牌 Large outdoor signboard
33 indistingushable [ ] adj. 难以辨别的 Exactly alike; incapable of being perceived as different
34 ineffectual [ ] adj. 无效的，徒劳无益的 Producing no result or effect
35 instinctive [ ] adj. 本能的，天性的 Prompted by instinct
36 intrinsic [ ] adj. 内在的，本质的 Belonging to a thing by its very nature
intrinsically [ ] adv. 内在地，本质地 With respect to its inherent nature
37 lamentable [ ] adj. 可悲的，糟糕的 Very bad
38 lasciviousness [ ] n. 淫荡，好色 Feeling morbid sexual desire
39 listless [ ] adj. 无精打采的 Lacking zest or vivacity
listlessness [ ] n. 无精打采 A feeling of lack of interest or energy
40 Manichaean [ ] adj. 摩尼教的
41 massage [ ] n. 按摩，推拿 Kneading and rubbing parts of the body to increase circulation and promote relaxation
massage [ ] v. 按摩，推拿 Give a massage to
42 matron [ ] n. 年长有威望的主妇 A married woman (usually middle-aged with children) who is dignified
43 medieval [ ] adj. 中世纪的
medievally [ ] adv. 中世纪地
44 mimic [ ] vt. 模仿 Imitate (a person, a manner, etc.), esp. for satirical effect
45 monomaniacal [ ] adj. 偏执狂的 Obsessed with a single subject or idea
46 neatankled [ ] adj. 脚踝匀称的
47 negation [ ] n. 否定 The negative of the opposition
48 paraffin-wax [ ] n. 石蜡 From crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings
49 patent [ ] n. 专利，专利品 An official document granting a right or privilege
patent [ ] adj. 受专利保护的，专利的 Protected by the right granted to the patent
patentee [ ] n. 专利权的获得者 The inventor to whom a patent is issued
50 peach [ ] n. 桃子，桃红色
peachily [ ] adv. 桃红色的
51 pearlily [ ] adv. 珍珠般的
52 perennially [ ] adv. 持久的，长期的 In a perennial manner; repeatedly
53 point roller [ ] n. 卷发器
54 preoccupy [ ] vt. 全神贯注于，着迷于 Engage or engross the interest or attention of beforehand
55 prodigious [ ] adj. 大量的，巨大的 Of momentous or ominous significance
56 pronounced [ ] adj. 明显的，显著的 Strongly marked; easily noticeable
57 prosperity [ ] n. 成功，繁荣 State of being successful, good fortune
With the future development of reform and open policy, there has been a prosperity in every industry.
prosperous [ ] adj. 成功的，繁荣的 Successful, flourishing
He received a lot of orders recently and his business became prosperous.
58 racketeer [ ] v. 敲诈勒索，诈骗 Get profit by fraud or extortion
racketeering [ ] n. 敲诈勒索，诈骗 Someone who commits crimes for profit by fraud or extortion
59 ravishing [ ] adj. 迷人的，令人陶醉的 Stunningly beautiful
60 refrigerator [ ] n. 电冰箱
61 repellent [ ] adj. 令人反感的，厌恶的 Highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
62 repulsive [ ] adj. 令人厌恶的，可憎的 So extremely ugly as to be terrifying
63 retrench [ ] v. 节省开支，缩减支出 Cut down, make economics
We must retrench now in order to buy a new big house.
retrenchment [ ] n. 节省开支
64 rubber reducing belt n. 橡胶减肥带
65 ruddle [ ] vt. 给…涂色 Redden as if with a red ocher color
66 simulate [ ] vt. 模仿，假装 Make a pretence of
67 slender [ ] adj. 细长的，苗条的 Having little width in proportion to the length or height
68 slime [ ] n. 黏液，黏泥 Any thick messy substance
69 stink [ ] vi. 发恶臭 Be extremely bad in quality or in one's performance
stink [ ] n. 恶臭 A distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
70 stupitidy [ ] n. 愚蠢，愚笨 A poor ability to understand or to profit from experience
71 sullen [ ] adj. 闷闷不乐的 Downhearted
sullenness [ ] n. 闷闷不乐 Longface
72 symptomatic [ ] adj. 表征的，征兆的 Serving as a symptom
Cough and headache may be symptomatic of a cold.
symptom [ ] n. 表征，征兆 Sign of the existence of something
As a leader, you should pay attention to the symptoms of dissatisfaction among the workers.
73 tenant [ ] vt. 租用 Occupy as a tenant
tenant [ ] n. 房客，租户 Someone who pays rent to use a building owned by someone else
74 tidy [ ] adj. 相当大的，相当多的；整洁的，整齐的 Large in amount or extent or degree； Marked by good order and cleanliness in appearance or habits
75 transfigure [ ] vt. 使变形，改观，美化 Change completely the nature of something
76 unawareness [ ] n. 不觉察，不注意 Unconsciousness resulting from lack of knowledge or attention
77 unbearable [ ] adj. 难以忍受的 Unstandable
78 unenviable [ ] adj. 不值得羡慕的 So undesirable as to be incapable of arousing envy
79 universally [ ] adv. 广泛的，普遍的 Everywhere
80 upkeep [ ] n. 保养 Activity involved in maintaining something in good working order
81 vendor [ ] n. 小贩，叫卖者 Someone who exchanges goods or services for money
82 virtuous [ ] adj. 有品德的，善良的 Having or showing virtue
The professor is a virtuous person.
virtue [ ] n. 美德，好处，优点 Goodness or excellence
Modesty is the virtue for Chinese.
83 whitewash [ ] vt. 粉饰，美化 Beautify
whitewash [ ] n. 粉饰，美化 Beautification
84 wrinkle [ ] n. 皱纹 A slight depression in the smoothness of a surface
wrinkle [ ] v. 使起皱纹 Make wrinkled
1 From the prodigious number of advertisements of aids to beauty contained in the American magazines, …
aids to beauty: virous cosmetic and toilet articles
2 …a face can cost as much in upkeep as a Rolls-Royce.
To keep a face youthful and beautiful by means of cosmetics may cost as much as to keep a luxury car like the Rolls-Royce
in good working condition.
3 who smile so rosily and creamily, so peachily and pearlily
The advertisements for soap and other cosmetics usually show a smiling girl with skin as white as cream and pearl, as rossy
as peach and rose.
4 In any case, the more costly experiments in betification are still as much beyond most European means as are high-powered
motor-cars and electric refrigerators.
beyond most European means: Most European can't afford it. The word "means" here has the meaning of the money a person
earns or has inherited which he can use.
5 Not quite so much more as in America, that is all.
The increase is remarkable in Europe, although compared with the increase in the United States it is not fast enough.
"that is all" means “仅此而已”，即也就是比不上美国而已，增加得还是不少的。
6 The diffusion of wealth -such as it is - now permits those of the poor who are less badly off than their fathers to do the same.
Wealth is less concentrated in the hands of the rich, ordinary people are getting a larger percentage of the wealth of the country
although the increase is not very big.
"such as it is" means "being what it is and no better" （不过如此）
7 The modern cult of beauty is not exclusively a function ( in the mathematical sense) of wealth.
The modern cult of beauty does not merely grow in proportion to the improvement of people's living standards.
" a function of wealth" means “财富的作用 ”。
"in the mathematical sense" means “从数学意义上来说”。
8 Women are retrenching on other things than their faces.
Women cut down expenses on other things, but they spend just as much money on cosmetics as before.
9 …the changes in our attitude towards " the merely physical".
People now pay much more attention to the physical needs and desires, whereas before it was regarded to be bulgar or bad
taste to behave like that.
10 Freer not only to perform the generally unenviable social fuctions hitherto reserved to the male, but also freer to…
"social fuctions" here means professions.
11 Aesthetically shocked - yes; we may sometimes be that. But morally, no.
We now know that when a woman uses cosmetics, it doesn't necessarily mean that she is not virtuous, not a good woman,
therefore we are not shocked in that respect. But the cosmetics does not make them better looking, as a matter of fact,
they look worse than without the cosmetics, so we are shocked at how they look after they use cosmetics.
12 the Body, with a large B
To spell the word Body with a capital "B" means to lay special emphasis on the physical body.
13 Christian-ascetic ideas
The Christian belief that true Christians should exercise strict control over their physical desires and needs.
14 We demand justice for the body…
We demand that the body should be treated fairly, to be given what is due to it, not to be ignored.
15 books on the culture of the abdomen
Books on how to keep on'e stomach firm and flat. "culture" here means “修炼，按需要培养”。
16 Beauty that is merely the artificial shadow of these symptoms of health is intrinsically of poorer quality than the genuine article.
To use artificial means to imitate the indications of good health so as to appear beautiful naturally can never be as good as
17 within the reach of every moderately prosperous person
A middle-range well-to-do person can afford to buy things needed to imitate the indications of good health, namely all
the aids to beauty.
18 …for real beauty is as much an affair of the inner as of the outer self.
For a person to be really beautiful, the inner beauty (a person's good qualities) is as important as the outer appearance.
19 the human vessel
Because the author has used a jar ( which is a vessel ) to illustrate his point in the previous sentences, here he used the word
"vessel" to indicate that the human body is like a vessel, but unlike the porcelain jar, its beauty can be affected by what is
20 the pure aesthetician
21 There is an ugliness of stupidity, for example, of unawareness (distressingly common among pretty women).
ugliness of unawareness: 心中只有自己，意识不到别人的存在，或对别人不感兴趣，因而形成的心灵上的丑陋。
22 All the deadly sins, indeed, have their own peculiar negation of beauty.
23 They are the outward and visible signs of some emotional or instinctive disharmony, accepted as a chronic codition of being.
People accept the disharmony as an inevitable part of existence, like an illness which lasts a long time.
24 We do not need a Freudian to tell us that this disharmony is oftenof a sexual nature.
We do not need a specialist in psychiatry to tell us the cuase of the disharmony. It is so obvious that anybody can tell us its
cause has something to do with sex.
25 …so long as human beings allow themselves to be possessed and hagridden by monomaniacal vices, …
So long as human beings let themselves be controlled by bad, irrational and immoral habits.
26 Perhaps it will transform them into the likeness of those ravishing creatures…
transform into: change into 变为
A steam-engine transforms heat into energy.
27 To what is it due?
due to: attributed to 由于
The accident was due to his careless driving.
28 We concede that the Matron is morally justified in being preoccupied with her personal appearance.
be preoccupied with: take all the attention of 全神贯注
The students were preoccupied with how to pass the exam.
29 To what have they led?
lead to: have as a result 导致
All roads lead to Rome.
30 A bent back and hollow cheeks will come to be regarded as medievally old-fashioned.
regard as: consider 认为，把……看作
Smoking and drinking are regarded as the bad habits.
31 in part to improved health
in part: in some degree 某种程度，部分
She looks in part like her grandmother.
32 The apparatus for mimicking the symptoms of health is now within the reach of every moderately prosperous person.
within the reach of: extent to which a hand can be reached out 在…范围内
I'd like to have my books within my reach.
beyond/out of reach 在…范围外
You threw the ball too far. It was beyond my reach.
Please keep the medicine out of reach of the children.
33 It makes no difference to its beauty or ugliness.
make no difference: be of no importance 没有区别
It will make no difference whether the meeting will be held today or tomorrow.
It might make no difference to you, but it was very important for me.
34 be universally acted upon
act upon: do what is suggested, have an effect on 听从建议，有效
They acted upon our advice.
This kind of medicine acted upon the disease.
35 Often it turns out to be imperfectly alive.
turn out: prove to be 证实
Everything turns out to be satisfactory.
36 The cult of beauty is destined to be ineffectual.
be destined to do something: 注定
The were destined to meet again.
37 We must be content with moderate hopes.
be content with: satisfied with what one has 满足，满意
Are you content with your present life?
By reviewing 2 passages about great people, students know from what aspects they write a great person and master the words, phrases and sentences which are used to describe great people. What's more, they can use the related description to write a great person from Zibo. Meanwhile, they are encouraged to learn something from him.
Show 3 pictures of great people from Zibo to inspire them to describe them in English.
According to the two passages, analyse "From what aspects can we write a passage about a great person？”
1.重要;重要性 n. _______________ 2.有影响的 __________________
3.强调 ______________ 4.人物 _____________________
5.发明 vt. _____________ n. _____________ 发明家 _____________
6.农业 n. ________________ adj. _________________
7.产量 _______________________ 8. leading _________________
9. quantity__________________ 10.quality ___________________
1. 由于...的结果 ______________ 2. 因...而出名_______________
3. 谋生______________________ 4. 做贡献___________________
5. 取得重大突破_______________ 6. bring up___________________
1. In the rice-growing world, the Chinese scientist, Yuan Longping, is a leading figure.
2. As a result of Yuan Longping's discoveries, Chinese rice production rose by 47.5 percent in the 1990's.
3. For many years, he travelled from state to state, teaching the principles of Confucius.
1. Use the expressions in the two passages to translate the sentences.
(1) 爱迪生（Thomas Edison）是一位有影响的发明家，被称为“发明大王”。
(2) 1847年他出生于俄亥俄州（Ohio）的一个普通家庭。（come from）
(3) 自幼对读书有兴趣，并喜欢问他不明白的任何问题。(be interested in)
(4) 多次试验之后，对电灯的研究取得了突破。1879年，第一盏电灯面世了。 (breakthrough)
(5) 爱迪生有两千多项发明， 为社会的发展做出了巨大贡献。(with...)
Read the following passage and finish the following exercises.
Walt Whitman, one of America's greatest writers, helped people learn to value poetry. He created a new kind of poetry. Walt Whitman was born in 1819 in New York City. During his long life, he watched America grow from a young nation to the strongest industrial power in the world. Whitman was influenced by events around him. But his poetry speaks of the inner self. He celebrated great people like President Abraham Lincoln. He also celebrated common people.
As a young man, Whitman worked as a school teacher, a printer and a newspaper reporter. He was thirty-six years old when he published his first book of poetry called "Leaves of Grass." It had only twelve poems. The poems are written in free verse. The lines do not follow any set form. One of America's greatest thinkers and writers immediately recognized the importance of "Leaves of Grass." But most other poets and writers said nothing or denounced it. Most readers also rejected Whitman's poems. The new form of his poetry surprised many people. However experts today praise "Leaves of Grass" as a major literary work.
After the Civil War, Whitman worked for government agencies. He believed democracy(民主) is meant to respect the rights of every person and the equality of all people. Whitman's poems express his love for America and its people in many ways.
Whitman was poor and weak during the last years of his life. He died in 1892.
What's Whitman's achievement?
What do experts today think of " Leaves of Grass"?
蒲松龄（1640 - 1715） 李振声
eg: Changes in the economy that lead to fewer job opportunities for youth make gainful emploument increasingly diff
iculty to obtain.
eg: There exists no language or dialect in the world that cannot convey complex ideas.
eg: It can be predicted that questions will arise which will specific scientific answers.
eg: He told us how he dealt with the self-interest of countries to bring them into a kind of international accord where everyone seemed to benefit.(where相当于from which)
While=during that time（在…期间），表示某一时间段内发生的动作。因此从句谓语动词通常是延续性动词。When=at that time（在…时刻），从句谓语动词常是短暂动词；when从句也可用延续性动词。但往往是过去进行时态。While除表时间外，还有另外三种意思：表条件“只要”，表对比“然而”，表让步“尽管”。
2.引导条件状语从句的几个连词：if,unless,suppose,supposing,providing,provided,on condition that,so long as,as long as.
eg:You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting provided you don`t mind taking the night train.
（1）倍数+比较级：A is three times bigger than B.
（2）倍数+as…as：A is three times as big as B.
（3）倍数+名词：A is three times the size of B.
eg:Ambition as a healthy impulse（雄心壮志作为一种健康的冲动）
在as…as结构中，前一个as是副词，其后常接形容词或副词；后一个as是连词，可以省去。eg:This book is difficult.That one is as difficult.
eg:As the internet becomes more and more commercialized,it is in the interest of business to universalize access.
eg: Pure iron cannot be hardened by heating and cooling,as can steel,because iron lacks the necessary carbon.（纯铁是无法通过反复受热和遇冷来硬化，这点不像刚，因为铁缺少碳元素）
eg: He could love the child as he did not love Charles.（他可以爱上这个孩子，然而他却不爱查尔斯）
as well(也),as a whole(作为一个整体),as yet(迄今，到目前为止)。
eg: Teachers do much more than impartknowledge.They are forces in young lives.(老师不只是受业解惑，他们还是年轻生命的力量的源泉)
2.more than +形容词，表示“非常”。
eg: I would be more than readyto help you.(我将十分愿意帮助你)
3.more than+数字，表示“多于…”反义词是less than. eg: more than 25%(超过25%)
4.no more than=not any more than，表示“仅仅，只是”。反义词no less than，表“不少于”。
eg: He received no more than six months of formal education.=He didn`t receive any more than six months of formal education.
5.nothing more than,表示“只不过是”,相当于nothing but。反义词nothing less than,表示“不亚于，相当的”。
eg: There are always concerns that traditional dances performal in a theater are nothing more than a spectacle.(人们总是担心，传统的舞蹈仅仅是很壮观而已)
一点总结：nothing more than后面通常接名词，与nothing相呼应；no more than后面接数字。
eg; The project requires more labor than has been put in.(此工程需投入更多的劳动力)
分析：去掉more…than,例句就变为The project requires labor that has been put in. that 取代than作从句的主语。由于than须与比较级形容词more呼应，故than不能用that替换。
表示虚拟的时间 If从句谓语形式 主句谓语形式
现在 过去式 would(should,might,could)+do
过去 过去完成式 would(should,might,could)+have done(been)
将来 were to(should)+do would(should,might,could)+do
eg: It can`t tell you able an underprivileged youngster might have been had he grown up under more favorable circumstances.
a. 主语+would do,but+主语+一般现在时谓语形式；
b. 主语+would have done,but +主语+一般过去时谓语形式。
eg: I would have gone to visit him ,but I was fully occupied the whole of last week.
a. 主语+一般现在时谓语形式，or+主语+would do；
b. 主语+一般过去时谓语形式，or+主语+would have done
eg: We didn`t know his telephone number,otherwise we would have telephoned him.
构成样式：my doing/Tom`s doing，这种结构常用在句中作主语或宾语。
Jim insisted on reading the letter.(Jim坚持要看信) Jim insisted on my reading the letter.( Jim坚持要我看信)
He disliked working late.(他不喜欢工作到很晚) He disliked his wife`s working late(他不喜欢他老婆工作到很晚)
Chapter1 Suffering to be beautiful
Listening, Speaking, Writing教案
一 章节分析( Section Analysis)
本部分是培养学生语言运用能力，在 “听力” 方面，主要是锻炼学生如何准确的听写出姓名、地址以及电话号码等相关信息；在“ 说 ”方面，主要是让学生学会如何在生活当中用英语介绍自己；而在“ 写 ”方面, 主要是让学生根据所给图片和相关语言信息学会写简单的投诉信，为以后的习作打下基础。
了解书信“a letter of complaint”的写作思路以及相关的语言表达。
二 教学设计( Teaching Designs)
教学内容 教学实施建议 教学资源参考
Pre-listening 在正式听之前，提示学生预览整个表格，扫清难点词汇(application, residential address, occupation/position, …); 听写练习（电话号码，易混淆数字，常用姓名等）
为听力积累一定的素材。 “牛津英语教学参考” Senior 2B P6
Speaking 这篇课文的背景是一次广播节目的录制，所以在Speaking部分安排Introducing yourself 的练习可以帮助学生在不同场合介绍自己。
Say your name.
Say which school or organization you are from
Explain why you want to talk to them
Ask permission to continue
“牛津英语教学参考”Senior 2B p14
Writing 这是一篇类似初中看图写作的延续部分。根据16页的图片及语言提示useful phrases写一篇a letter of complaint。首先要学生复习信件的写作方式；然后分小组讨论四幅图分别讲述了什么样的事件，并选取其中一幅图作为主要的写作对象；最后根据图片右边的提示组织内容，内容包括提出问题（事实的陈述）以及解决问题（赔偿的要求）。在信件中提出赔偿要求的部分要事先给学生一些可能用到的生单词：refund、receipt、damages、sue… “牛津英语教学参考”Senior 2B p16
unit3 This is my sister 导学案(新目标版英语七年级)